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Professor William Mitchell

Bill Mitchell

Name: William Mitchell
Qualifications: B.Com(Dea),M.Ec(Monash),PhD
Position: Director
Telephone: +61-0419 422 410
Room Number: AOB2
Affiliation: CofFEE

E-mail: Bill.Mitchell@newcastle.edu.au

Other Details:

Bill is currently the Professor of Economics at the University of Newcastle, NSW and Director of CofFEE.

He is one of the founders of Modern Monetary Theory (MMT) and writes a daily MMT blog at http://bilbo.economicoutlook.net/blog which has a wide following.

He has published extensively on modern monetary macroeconomic theory and policy, wage and price inflation, unemployment, economic development, and regional science.

Research Interests:

Modern Monetary Theory, Buffer Stock Employment models, the Job Guarantee, Costs of Unemployment, Phillips curve studies, Capital adequacy in banking, public policy, Large-scale macroeconometric modelling, Regional models of unemployment, Spatial Econometrics, Development economics, Markov-switching models of job creation and job destruction.

Recent Publications:

All refereed publications since 2001

Books

E. Carlson and W.F. Mitchell (2001) (eds.) Achieving Full Employment, Supplement to Volume 12, The Economic and Labour Relations Review, Industrial Relations Research Centre, UNSW, Sydney.

W.F. Mitchell and E. Carlson (2001) (eds.) Unemployment: the Tip of the Iceberg, CAER/UNSW Press, Sydney.

E. Carlson and W.F.Mitchell (2002) (eds.) The Urgency of Full Employment, CAER/UNSW Press, Sydney.

W.F. Mitchell, J. Muysken and T. Van Veen (2006) (eds.) Growth and Cohesion in the European Union, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, in press.

W.F. Mitchell, J. Muysken and T. Van Veen (2006) (eds.) Growth and Cohesion in the European Union, Edward Elgar, Aldershot.

W.F. Mitchell and J. Muysken (2008) Full Employment abandoned: shifting sands and policy failures, Edward Elgar, Aldershot.

W.F. Mitchell (2015) Eurozone Dystopia: Groupthink and Denial on a Grand Scale, Edward Elgar, Aldershot (in print - May). A German language edition will be published in September 2015 by Metropolis Verlag.

Book chapters

W.F. Mitchell (2001) 'The Pathology of Unemployment', in W.F. Mitchell and E. Carlson (eds.), Unemployment: the Tip of the Iceberg, CAER/UNSW Press, Sydney, 11-32.

W.F. Mitchell (2001) 'Hidden Unemployment in Australia', in W.F. Mitchell and E. Carlson (eds.), Unemployment: the Tip of the Iceberg, CAER/UNSW Press, Sydney, 33-46.

W.F. Mitchell and E. Carlson (2001) 'Labour underutilisation and underemployment in Australia and the USA', in W.F. Mitchell and E. Carlson (eds.), Unemployment: the Tip of the Iceberg, CAER/UNSW Press, Sydney, 47-68.

W.F. Mitchell (2001) 'Demographic and industry employment changes in a high pressure economy', in W.F. Mitchell and E. Carlson (eds.), Unemployment: the Tip of the Iceberg, CAER/UNSW Press, Sydney, 69-84.

W.F. Mitchell (2001) 'The unemployed cannot search for jobs that are not there', in W.F. Mitchell and E. Carlson (eds.), Unemployment: the Tip of the Iceberg, CAER/UNSW Press, Sydney, 85-117.

W.F. Mitchell (2001) 'Full employment abandoned - the role of the public sector', in W.F. Mitchell and E. Carlson (eds.), Unemployment: the Tip of the Iceberg, CAER/UNSW Press, Sydney, 193-218.

M.J. Watts and W.F. Mitchell (2001) 'Unemployment Theories', in J. Michie (ed.) Reader's Guide to the Social Sciences, Fitzroy Dearborn, London, 1712-13.

W.F. Mitchell and W. Mosler (2001) 'Fiscal policy and the Job Guarantee', in W.F. Mitchell and E. Carlson (eds.), Unemployment: the Tip of the Iceberg, CAER/UNSW Press, Sydney, 219-232.

E. Carlson, S. Cowling. and W.F. Mitchell (2002) 'Introduction' in E. Carlson and W.F. Mitchell (eds.) The Urgency of Full Employment, CAER/UNSW Press, Sydney, 9-20.

W.F. Mitchell and M.J. Watts (2002) 'Restoring Full Employment: the Job Guarantee' in E. Carlson and W.F. Mitchell (eds.) The Urgency of Full Employment, CAER/UNSW Press, Sydney, 95-114.

W.F. Mitchell and J. Muysken (2002) 'Aggregate demand should do the job' in E. Carlson and W.F. Mitchell (eds.) The Urgency of Full Employment, CAER/UNSW Press, Sydney, 133-158.

E. Carlson, W.F. Mitchell and M.J. Watts (2003) 'The Impact of New Forms of Wage Setting on Wage Outcomes in Australia', in J. Burgess and D. Macdonald (eds.) Developments in Enterprise Bargaining in Australia, Tertiary Press, Melbourne, 118-140.

W.F. Mitchell (2003) 'The Job Guarantee model - financial considerations in an open economy', in E.J. Nell (ed.), Functional Finance and Full Employment, Edward Elgar, New York, 278-295.

W.F. Mitchell and M.J. Watts (2003) 'Full Employment' in J.E. King (ed.) The Elgar Companion to Post Keynesian Economics, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham UK, 153-159.

W.F. Mitchell and J. Muysken (2006) ?The Brussels-Frankfurt consensus: an answer to the wrong question?, in W.F. Mitchell, J. Muysken and T. Van Veen (2006) (eds.) Growth and Cohesion in the European Union, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, 3-31.

W.F. Mitchell and J. Juniper (2007), ?Towards a Spatial Keynesian macroeconomics?, in: Arestis, P. and G. Zezza (eds.), Advances in Monetary Policy and Macroeconomics, London: Palgrave Macmillan, 192-211.

W.F.Mitchell (2008) ?Unemployment Rate?, International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences. Ed. William A. Darity, Jr.. Vol. 8. 2nd ed. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2008. 499-505.

W.F. Mitchell (2008) ?Why public sector job creation should be fashionable?, Arestis, P. and McCombie, J. (eds.), Missing Links in the Unemployment Relationship, Palgrave Macmillan.

W.F. Mitchell (2011) ?Exploring Regional Disparities in Employment Growth?, in: Kourtit, K., Nijkamp, P. and Stough, R. (eds), Drivers of Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Regional Dynamics, Springer-Verlag, 337-359.

S. Baum and W.F. Mitchell (2011) ?Strong and weak labour market regions in Australia: Implications for individual employment outcomes?, in Amine, S. (ed.) Labor Markets: Dynamics, Trends and Economic Impacts, London, Nova Science Publishers.

W.F. Mitchell (2013) ?Full Employment Abandoned: The Triumph of Ideology over Evidence?, in Meijers, H. and Van Veen, T. (eds.) Three Decades of Economic Diversity, University of Maastricht, 93-114.

W.F. Mitchell (2014) ?Spatial econometric modelling?, in Stimson, R. (ed.) Techniques in Spatial Analysis, Edward Elgar, Aldershot. Chapter 17.

Refereed Journal Articles since 2001

W.F. Mitchell (2001) 'The Job Guarantee and Inflation Control', in E. Carlson and W.F. Mitchell (eds.), Achieving Full Employment, Supplement to Volume 12, The Economic and Labour Relations Review, Industrial Relations Research Centre, UNSW, Sydney, 10-25.

A. Valadkhani and W.F. Mitchell (2002) 'Assessing the Impact of Changes in Petroleum Prices on the Australian Economy', Australian Economic Review, 35(2), June, 122-132.

D. Biddle, J. Burgess, W.F. Mitchell, and M. OBrien (2002) 'The Australian Labour Market in 2001', The Journal of Industrial Relations, June, 44(2), 171-197.

W.F. Mitchell and W. Mosler (2002) 'Fiscal Policy and the Job Guarantee', Australian Journal of Labour Economics, 5(2), June, 243-60.

B. Cook, C. Dodds, and W.F. Mitchell (2003) 'Social Entrepreneurship: False Premises and Dangerous Forebodings', Australian Journal of Social Issues, 38(1), February, 57-75.

J. Burgess, W.F. Mitchell, and A. Preston (2003) 'The Australian Labour Market in 2002', The Journal of Industrial Relations, 45(2), 125-150.

S. Cowling and W.F. Mitchell (2003) 'False promise or false premise? Evaluating the Job Network', Australian Journal of Labour Economics, 6(2), June, 207-226.

W.F. Mitchell and M.J. Watts (2004) 'Comparison of the Macroeconomic Consequences of Basic Income and Job Guarantee Schemes', Rutgers Journal of Law and Urban Policy, 2, 1-24.

M.J. Watts and W.F. Mitchell (2004) 'Wages and wage determination in 2003', The Journal of Industrial Relations, 46(2), June, 160-183.

W.F. Mitchell and L.R. Wray (2005) 'In Defence of the Employer of Last Resort', Journal of Economic Issues, March, 39(1), 235-245.

M.J. Watts and W.F. Mitchell (2005) 'Wages and wage determination in 2004', The Journal of Industrial Relations, 47(2), June, 151-170.

W.F. Mitchell and E. Carlson (2005) 'Exploring employment growth disparities across Metropolitan and Regional Australia', Australasian Journal of Regional Studies, 11(1), 25-40 (this paper won the 2006 John Dickinson Memorial Award from the Australia New Zealand Regional Science Association for the best paper published in that journal during 2005).

M.J. Watts and W.F. Mitchell (2006) 'Wages and Wage Determination in 2005', The Journal of Industrial Relations, 48(2), June, in press.

S. Cowling, W.F. Mitchell and M.J. Watts (2006) ?The right to work versus the right to income?, International Journal of Environment, Workplace and Employment, 2(1), 89-113.

M.J. Watts and W.F. Mitchell (2006) ?Wages and Wage Determination in 2005?, The Journal of Industrial Relations, 48(2), June,

W.F. Mitchell and W.B. Mosler (2006) ?Understanding the economic fallacies of the intergenerational debate?, Australian Journal of Social Issues, 1(2), 159-170.

A. Bill, S. Cowling, W.F. Mitchell and V. Quirk (2006) ?Creating effective employment solutions for people with psychiatric disabilities?, Australian Journal of Social Issues, 1(2), 209-220.

S. Cowling, R. LaJeunesse, W.F. Mitchell and M.J. Watts (2006) ?Workchoices: the low productivity road to an underclass?, Australian Journal of Social Issues, 1(2), 221-232.

A. Bill, W.F. Mitchell and M.J. Watts (2006) ?Examining commuting patterns, employment growth and unemployment in Sydney?, Australian Journal of Social Issues, 1(2), 233-245.

W.F. Mitchell, J. Myers and J. Juniper (2006) ?The dynamics of job creation and destruction in Australia?, Australian Journal of Social Issues, Special Winter edition, 247-259.

W.F. Mitchell (2006) ?Accommodating unemployment: A Job Guarantee?, Parity, 19(4), 24-26.

W.F. Mitchell and A. Bill (2006) ?Who benefits from Growth? Disadvantaged workers in growing regions?, Australian Journal of Labour Economics, 9(2), June, 239-255.

W.F. Mitchell and A. Bill (2006) ?The two-speed economy: the deterioration of the Sydney labour market?, People and Place, 14(4), December.

S. Cowling and W.F. Mitchell (2007) ?Taking the low road: minimum wage determination under ?Work Choices??, Australian Journal of Industrial Relations, 49(5), 741-756.

M.J. Watts and W.F. Mitchell (2007) ?Wages and Wage Determination in 2006?, The Journal of Industrial Relations, 49, 327-344.

A. Bill, W.F. Mitchell and R. Welters (2007) ?Job mobility and segmentation in Australian city labour markets?, International Journal of Environment, Workplace and Employment, 3, 3/4, 212-229.

W.F. Mitchell and J. Myers (2008) ?Are gross job flows in Australia sensitive to exchange rate fluctuations??, International Journal of Environment, Workplace and Employment, 3, 3/4, 248-265.

M.J. Watts and W.F. Mitchell (2008) ?Wages and Wage Determination in 2007?, The Journal of Industrial Relations, 50: 399-416.

A. Bill, W.F. Mitchell and M.J. Watts (2008) ?The Occupational Dimensions of Local Labour Markets in Australian Cities?, Built Environment, 34(1), 291-306.

S. Baum, A. Bill and W.F. Mitchell (2008) ?Labour Underutilisation in Metropolitan Labour Markets: Individual characteristics, personal circumstances and local labour markets?, Urban Studies, 45 (5 & 6), 193-1216.

S. Baum, A. Bill and W.F. Mitchell (2008) ?Unemployment in non-metropolitan Australia: Integrating geography, social and individual contexts?, Australian Geographer, June, 39, 2, 193-210.

S. Baum, A. Bill and W.F. Mitchell (2008) ?Employment outcomes in non-metropolitan labour markets: Individual and regional labour market factors?, Australasian Journal of Regional Science, 14(1), 5-25

S. Baum, W.F. Mitchell and J.H. Han (2008) ?Socio-economic performance across Australia's functional economic regions?, Australasian Journal of Regional Science, 14(3), 215-249. (this paper won the 2008 John Dickinson Memorial Award from the Australia New Zealand Regional Science Association for the best paper published at the Annual Conference 2008).

S. Baum and W.F. Mitchell (2008) ?Underutilisation in the Australian youth Labour Market?, Australian Journal of Labour Economics, 11, 3, 187-201

S. Baum, A. Bill and W.F. Mitchell (2009) ?Employability and labour underutilisation in non-metropolitan labour markets?, Regional Studies, 43, 8, 1091-1103.

S. Baum and W.F. Mitchell (2010) ?People, space and place: a multidimensional analysis of metropolitan labour markets?, Geographical Research, 48(1), 13-23.

W.F. Mitchell and M.J. Watts (2010) ?Identifying Functional Regions in Australia Using Hierarchical Aggregate Techniques?, Geographical Research, 48(1), 24-41.

S. Baum and W.F. Mitchell (2010) ?Unemployment and Non-employment in Australia: gender differentials, individual and personal context and local labour markets?, Population Research and Policy Review, 29, 233-248.

S. Baum, K. O?Connor and W.F. Mitchell (2010) ?Population and employment change in Australia?s functional economic regions?, Australasian Journal of Regional Studies, 16(2), 165-184.

W.F. Mitchell and J. Muysken (2010) 'Full employment abandoned: shifting sands and policy failures', International Journal of Public Policy, 5(4), 295-313.

S. Baum and W.F. Mitchell (2010) ?Adequate employment, underutilisation, and unemployment: an analysis of labour force outcomes for Australian youth?, Australian Journal of Labour Economics, 11(3), 187-201.

G. Daraganova, P. Pattison, J. Koskinen, W.F. Mitchell, A. Bill, M. Watts, and S. Baum (2011) ?Networks and geography: Modelling community network structures as the outcome of both spatial and network processes?, Social Networks, 1-12.

R. Stimson, W.F. Mitchell, David Rohde and Paul Shyy (2011) ?Using functional economic regions to model endogenous regional performance in Australia: implications for addressing the spatial autocorrelation problem?, Regional Science Policy and Practice, 3(3), 131 ? 144.

S. Baum and W.F. Mitchell (2011) ?Using a multi-level framework to understand individual fortunes: an illustration for individual labour market outcomes?, International Journal of Foresight and Innovation Policy, 7(1), 56-71.

S. Baum and W.F. Mitchell (2012) ?Functional economic regions and labour underutilisation?, International Journal of Employment Studies, 20(1), 62-81.

W.F. Mitchell and M. Flanagan (2015) ?The changing patterns of labour underutilisation in Europe in the face of policy austerity?, Urban Studies, forthcoming.

Refereed Conference Papers since 2001

W.F. Mitchell and J. Muysken (2001) 'Aggregate demand should do the job', Third Path to Full Employment Conference, University of Newcastle, June.

W.F. Mitchell, J. Muysken and M.J. Watts (2002) 'Wage and Productivity Relationships in Australia and the Netherlands', AIRAANZ Conference, Queenstown, New Zealand, 6-8 February.

E. Carlson and W.F. Mitchell (2002) 'Labour underutilisation in Australia', in Carlson E. (ed.) The Path to Full Employment, Proceedings of the 4th Path to Full Employment Conference/9th National Conference on Unemployment, University of Newcastle, 4-6 December, 37-53.

S. Cowling and W.F. Mitchell (2002) 'False promise or false premise? Evaluating the Job Network', in Carlson E. (ed.) The Path to Full Employment, Proceedings of the 4th Path to Full Employment Conference/9th National Conference on Unemployment, University of Newcastle, 4-6 December, 54-66.

W.F. Mitchell and W. Mosler (2002) 'Public debt management and Australias macroeconomic priorities', in Carlson E. (ed.) The Path to Full Employment, Proceedings of the 4th Path to Full Employment Conference/9th National Conference on Unemployment, University of Newcastle, 4-6 December, 141-153.

W.F. Mitchell and J. Muysken (2002) 'Investment asymmetries, inflation and unemployment', in Carlson E. (ed.) The Path to Full Employment, Proceedings of the 4th Path to Full Employment Conference/9th National Conference on Unemployment, University of Newcastle, 4-6 December, 154-166.

W.F. Mitchell and L. Reedman (2002) 'Fiscal policy and financial fragility: why macroeconomic policy is failing', in Carlson E. (ed.) The Path to Full Employment, Proceedings of the 4th Path to Full Employment Conference/9th National Conference on Unemployment, University of Newcastle, 4-6 December, 167-178.

E. Carlson and W.F. Mitchell (2003) 'Labour underutilisation in Australia and Inflation', in Cowling, S. (ed.) The Underutilisation of Europe's Labour Resources, Proceedings of the CofFEE-Europe Workshop, University of Maastricht, 4-5 October 2002; 72-97.

W.F. Mitchell and E. Carlson (2003) 'Why do disparities in employment growth across metropolitan and regional space occur?' in Carlson, E. (ed.) The Full Employment Imperative, Proceedings of the 5th Path to Full Employment Conference/10th National Conference on Unemployment, University of Newcastle, 10-12 December, 121-152.

W.F. Mitchell and J. Muysken (2003) 'Misrepresentation and fudge - the OECD NAIRU consensus', in Carlson, E. (ed.) The Full Employment Imperative, Proceedings of the 5th Path to Full Employment Conference/10th National Conference on Unemployment, University of Newcastle, 4-6 December, 165-182.

W.F. Mitchell and M. Watts (2003) 'In defence of the Job Guarantee', in Carlson, E. (ed.) The Full Employment Imperative, Proceedings of the 5th Path to Full Employment Conference/10th National Conference on Unemployment, University of Newcastle, 10-12 December, 183-196.

W.F. Mitchell and W. Mosler (2003) 'The Intergenerational Report - myths and solutions', in Carlson, E. (ed.) The Full Employment Imperative, Proceedings of the 5th Path to Full Employment Conference/10th National Conference on Unemployment, University of Newcastle, 10-12 December, 153-164.

W.F. Mitchell and L.R. Wray (2004) 'Full employment through a Job Guarantee: a response to the critics', in Carlson E. (ed) A Future that works: economics, employment and the environment, Proceedings of the 6th Path to Full Employment Conference and the 11th National Conference on Unemployment, pp.21-36.

A. Bill, S. Cowling, W.F. Mitchell and V. Quirk (2004) 'Creating Effective Employment Solutions for People with Psychiatric Disability', in Carlson E. (ed) A Future that works,: economics, employment and the environment, Proceedings of the 6th Path to Full Employment Conference and the 11th National Conference on Unemployment, pp.74-83.

W.F. Mitchell (2004) 'Labour underutilisation and regional labour force data estimates', in Carlson E. (ed) A Future that works: economics, employment and the environment, Proceedings of the 6th Path to Full Employment Conference and the 11th National Conference on Unemployment, pp.294-311.

W.F. Mitchell and A. Bill (2004) 'Spatial dependence in regional unemployment in Australia', in Carlson E. (ed) A Future that works: economics, employment and the environment, Proceedings of the 6th Path to Full Employment Conference and the 11th National Conference on Unemployment, pp. 312-326.

W.F. Mitchell and J. Muysken (2004) 'Involuntary unemployment getting to the heart of the problem', in Carlson E. (ed) A Future that works: economics, employment and the environment, Proceedings of the 6th Path to Full Employment Conference and the 11th National Conference on Unemployment, pp.327-339.

J. Juniper, W.F. Mitchell and J. Myers (2004) 'Small business employment dynamics in Australia', in Carlson E. (ed) A Future that works: economics, employment and the environment, Proceedings of the 6th Path to Full Employment Conference and the 11th National Conference on Unemployment, pp. 239-251.

W.F. Mitchell, J. Muysken and R. Welters (2005) 'Search behaviour and the casualties of the (dual) labour market', in Wrightson, G. (ed.), Creating a Culture of Full Employment, Proceedings of the 7th Path to Full Employment Conference/12th National Conference on Unemployment, December, 269-283 (submitted Oxford Economic Papers).

W.F. Mitchell, J. Myers and J. Juniper (2005) 'The dynamics of job creation and job destruction in Australia', in Wrightson, G. (ed.), Creating a Culture of Full Employment, Proceedings of the 7th Path to Full Employment Conference/12th National Conference on Unemployment, December, 284-306.

S. Cowling and W.F. Mitchell (2005) 'Taking the low road: minimum wage determination under 'Work Choices', in Wrightson, G. (ed.), Creating a Culture of Full Employment, Proceedings of the 7th Path to Full Employment Conference/12th National Conference on Unemployment, December, 196-206 (submitted Journal of Industrial Relations).

W.F. Mitchell and A. Bill (2005) 'Who benefits from employment growth?', in Wrightson, G. (ed.), Creating a Culture of Full Employment, Proceedings of the 7th Path to Full Employment Conference/12th National Conference on Unemployment, December, 254-268.

W.F. Mitchell and V. Quirk (2005) 'Skills shortages in Australia: concepts and reality', in Wrightson, G. (ed.), Creating a Culture of Full Employment, Proceedings of the 7th Path to Full Employment Conference/12th National Conference on Unemployment, December, 307-323.

A. Bill and W.F. Mitchell (2006) 'Local indicators of spatial association in unemployment in Australia', ARCRNSISS Methods, Tools and Techniques Workshop, Newcastle, June, 2005, forthcoming in Wrightson, G. (ed.) Spatial Methods in Social Science, RMIT Publishing.

W.F. Mitchell and Bill, A. (2006) 'A spatial econometric analysis of the irreversibility of long term unemployment in Australia', ARCRNSISS Methods, Tools and Techniques Workshop, Newcastle, June, 2005, forthcoming in Wrightson, G. (ed.) Spatial Methods in Social Science, RMIT Publishing.

W.F. Mitchell and J. Juniper (2006) 'Towards a Spatial Keynesian macroeconomics', presented to The Keynesian Legacy in Macroeconomic Modelling Conference, Cassino, Italy, September, 2005, forthcoming in Arestis, P. and Zezza, G. (eds.) The Keynesian Legacy in Macroeconomic Modelling, Macmillan, London.

A. Bill and W.F. Mitchell (2006) ?Great Expectations - migration and labour market outcomes in Australia?, in G. Wrightson (ed.), The Constraints to Full Employment, Proceedings of the 8th Path to Full Employment Conference/13th National Conference on Unemployment, December, 25-39.

A. Bill, W.F. Mitchell and R. Welters (2006) ?Bumping down in Australian labour markets?, in G. Wrightson (ed.), The Constraints to Full Employment, Proceedings of the 8th Path to Full Employment Conference/13th National Conference on Unemployment, December, 40-54.

Chaiechi, T., W.F. Mitchell and J. Juniper (2006) ?Dynamic investment and financial development: application of Kaleckian, Post-Keynesian model, in G. Wrightson (ed.), The Constraints to Full Employment, Proceedings of the 8th Path to Full Employment Conference/13th National Conference on Unemployment, December, 69-82.

W.F. Mitchell and J. Muysken (2006) ?Employment is driven by aggregate demand?, in G. Wrightson (ed.), The Constraints to Full Employment, Proceedings of the 8th Path to Full Employment Conference/13th National Conference on Unemployment, December, 169-190.

W.F. Mitchell and J. Myers (2006) ?Are gross job flows sensitive to exchange rate movements??, in G. Wrightson (ed.), The Constraints to Full Employment, Proceedings of the 8th Path to Full Employment Conference/13th National Conference on Unemployment, December, 191-208.

S. Baum, A. Bill and W.F. Mitchell (2007) Labour Market Disadvantage in Metropolitan Regions, in S. Winter and G. Robbins (eds) International Workshop on Social Space and Geographic Space. Proceedings of the International Workshop on Social Space and Geographic Space, held in conjunction with COSIT'07, Melbourne Business School, Mt Eliza, Victoria, Australia.

S. Baum, A. Bill and W.F. Mitchell (2007) ?Employability and Labour Underutilisation in Non-Metropolitan Labour Markets: Individual and Regional Labour Market Factors.?; in Dalziel, P. (ed.), Building Sustainable Growth in SMEs, Refereed Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Australian and New Zealand Regional Science Association International. Lincoln University: AERU Research Unit, 2007, 1-18.

A. Bill, W.F. Mitchell, and R. Welters (2007) ?Job Mobility and Segmentation in Australian City Labour Markets?, in HILDA Survey Research Conference Proceedings, Melbourne Institute, University of Melbourne, July.

A. Bill, W.F. Mitchell and M.J. Watts (2007) ?The Occupational Dimensions of Local Labour Markets in Australia?, in State of Australian Cities National Conference Refereed Proceedings, 2nd National State of Australian Cities, Adelaide, November, 182-197.

S. Baum, A. Bill and W.F. Mitchell (2007) ?People, space and place: a multidimensional analysis of metropolitan labour markets?, in State of Australian Cities National Conference Refereed Proceedings, 2nd National State of Australian Cities, Adelaide, November.

B. Cook, W.F. Mitchell and M.J. Watts (2007) ?The failed full employability paradigm?, in Wrightson, G. (ed.), The Challenge to Restore Full Employment, Proceedings of the 9th Path to Full Employment Conference/14th National Conference on Unemployment, December, 31-51

W.F. Mitchell and A. Bill (2007) ?Labour Underutilisation in Metropolitan Labour Markets: Individual and Contextual Factors?, in Wrightson, G. (ed.), The Challenge to Restore Full Employment, Proceedings of the 9th Path to Full Employment Conference/14th National Conference on Unemployment, December, 66-84.

W.F. Mitchell, R. Welters (2007) ?Labour Reform and Labour Mobility within Cities: have the Hartz reforms succeeded??, in Wrightson, G. (ed.), The Challenge to Restore Full Employment, Proceedings of the 9th Path to Full Employment Conference/14th National Conference on Unemployment, December, 85-103.

W.F. Mitchell, A. Bill, and M.J. Watts (2007) ?Identifying functional regions in Australia using hierarchical aggregation techniques?, in Wrightson, G. (ed.), The Challenge to Restore Full Employment, Proceedings of the 9th Path to Full Employment Conference/14th National Conference on Unemployment, December, 245-273.

W.F. Mitchell and J. Muysken (2007) ?Full employment does not mean low unemployment?, in Wrightson, G. (ed.), The Challenge to Restore Full Employment, Proceedings of the 9th Path to Full Employment Conference/14th National Conference on Unemployment, December, 274-290.

W.F. Mitchell (2008) ?Migration and labour market outcomes by skill in Australia?, 2008 Australian Fair Pay Commission Minimum Wage Research Forum Proceedings, Volume 2, October, 65-94

Mitchell, W.F. and J. Muysken (2008) ?Labour Underutilisation and the Phillips Curve?, in Chester, L., Johnson, M. and Kriesler, P. (eds.). Contemporary Issues in Heterodox Economics, Proceedings of the Seventh Australian Society of Heterodox Economists Conference, December, 192-209.

W.F. Mitchell and J. Juniper (2008) ?There is no financial crisis so deep that cannot be dealt with by public spending?, in Wrightson, G. (ed.), Labour Underutilisation, Skills Shortages and Social Inclusion. Proceedings of the 10th Path to Full Employment Conference/15th National Conference on Unemployment, December.

W.F. Mitchell and J. Muysken (2008) ?Labour underutilisation and the Phillips Curve?, in Wrightson, G. (ed.), Labour Underutilisation, Skills Shortages and Social Inclusion. Proceedings of the 10th Path to Full Employment Conference/15th National Conference on Unemployment, December.

W.F. Mitchell and R. Welters (2008) ?Does casual employment provide a ?stepping stone? to better work prospects??, in Wrightson, G. (ed.), Labour Underutilisation, Skills Shortages and Social Inclusion. Proceedings of the 10th Path to Full Employment Conference/15th National Conference on Unemployment, December.

W.F. Mitchell (2009) ?A modern monetary perspective on the crisis and a reform agenda?, in Wrightson, G. (ed.), Labour Underutilisation, Unemployment and Underemployment, Proceedings of the 11th Path to Full Employment Conference/16th National Conference on Unemployment, December, 213-230.

W.F. Mitchell and R. Welters (2009) ?Locked-in casual employment?, in Wrightson, G. (ed.), Labour Underutilisation, Unemployment and Underemployment, Proceedings of the 11th Path to Full Employment Conference/16th National Conference on Unemployment, December, 313-323.

B. Cook, W.F. Mitchell, G. Trajkovic, G. and V. Quirk (2010) ?Creating Effective Employment Solutions for Persons with Psychosis?, in Wrightson, G. (ed.), The Aftermath of The Crisis, 12th Path to Full Employment Conference and 17th National Conference on Unemployment, December.

W.F. Mitchell, J.Muysken, and R. Welters (2010) ?Self Determination Theory and Employed Job Search?, in Wrightson, G. (ed.), The Aftermath of The Crisis, 12th Path to Full Employment Conference and 17th National Conference on Unemployment, December.

W.F. Mitchell and J. Muysken (2010) ?Recessions and flexible labour markets?, in Wrightson, G. (ed.), The Aftermath of The Crisis, 12th Path to Full Employment Conference and 17th National Conference on Unemployment, December.

W.F. Mitchell and J. Muysken (2011) ?National Income and the Crisis?, in Wrightson, G. (ed.), The Way Forward - Austerity or Stimulus?, 13th Path to Full Employment Conference and 18th National Conference on Unemployment, December.

R. Welters, L, Reedman W.F. Mitchell (2011) ?Job Impacts of a Decarbonised Australian Economy?, in Wrightson, G. (ed.), The Way Forward - Austerity or Stimulus?, 13th Path to Full Employment Conference and 18th National Conference on Unemployment, December.

S. Baum, W.F. Mitchell and M. Flanagan (2013) ?Employment Vulnerability in Australian Suburbs Red alert suburbs: An employment vulnerability index for Australia?s major urban regions?, in Wrightson, G. (ed.), Reconstructing the Full Employment Narrative, 14th Path to Full Employment Conference and 19th National Conference on Unemployment, December, 1-21.

L. Connors and W.F. Mitchell (2013) ?Framing Modern Monetary Theory?, in Wrightson, G. (ed.), Reconstructing the Full Employment Narrative, 14th Path to Full Employment Conference and 19th National Conference on Unemployment, December, 22-40.

W.F. Mitchell and M.J. Watts (2013) ?Capacity constraints and the Job Guarantee?, in Wrightson, G. (ed.), Reconstructing the Full Employment Narrative, 14th Path to Full Employment Conference and 19th National Conference on Unemployment, December, 149-163.

W.F. Mitchell, J. Muysken, and R. Welters (2013) ?The changing nature of inflation control in Australia?, in Wrightson, G. (ed.), Reconstructing the Full Employment Narrative, 14th Path to Full Employment Conference and 19th National Conference on Unemployment, December, 203-214.